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Bedtimes for Teens? Study Says 'Yes'

As kids reach adolescence, they begin breaking away from their parents. They want to decide when they should do homework, if they should get an after-school job, and what time they should go to bed.

However, an article on the website of KMOT-TV (Minot, ND) indicates that parents of teens shouldn't give up on ensuring that their children get enough sleep:
A new study finds moms and dads shouldnt completely give up the parenting basics when it comes to bedtime. The study, conducted by a Columbia University Medical Center doctor, finds a link between lack of sleep among teens and depression.

Researchers found adolescents who reported sleeping five or fewer hours a night were 71 percent more likely to suffer from depression, and 50 percent more likely to think about committing suicide than teens getting eight hours of rest.
Lana Curl, a sleep center director, suggests that parents keep computers and televisions out of their kids rooms. She also suggests taking away cell phones if kids are texting late into the night.

Labels: research, teens, depression, sleep

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Tips to Help ADHD Kids Get More Sleep

Switching from daytime activities to nighttime quiet and sleep is difficult for any child. But for children with ADHD it is especially challenging. According to an article by Erika Lyn Smith of the website BellaOnline, parents can take certain steps to make this transition easier, and to help ensure that their child gets a better night's sleep:
Children need a quiet place to snuggle in and settle down after a nice warm shower or bath. A winding down period before lights out can be the key to a restful night's sleep. During the winding down time, encourage children to read quietly. It is not a good idea to allow video games, action movies or television.
Routine is also essential for children with ADHD, Smith noted. Even in the summer, a regular bedtime schedule will be helpful. Establish rules for the morning, too -- such as no video games, television, or computer activity.

Labels: parenting, sleep, Attention_Deficit_Hyperactivity_Disorder

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Researchers Find Link Between ADHD, Sleep Disorders

A Taiwanese study that appears in the May 1 issue of the journal Sleep has established an association between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and sleep disorders. According to a May 1 article on the HealthDay News website, the researchers found the sleep disorder-ADHD connection even in children whose attention problems were relatively moderate:
The study of 281 children, aged 10 to 17, who had been diagnosed with ADHD, found that regardless of the severity of that condition, they were two to three times more likely to have short-term or lifetime issues with insomnia or nightmares than peers without ADHD. They were also more likely to experience night terrors, teeth grinding and snoring.

Treating the sleep disorder may help ease ADHD, as the conditions tend to share symptoms, say the investigators. ... In fact, lack of sleep can cause problems with attention span, behavior and performance -- hallmarks of ADHD.
A press release from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine reported that sleep disorders in children with ADHD could be the result of several factors, including Internet addiction, stimulant abuse, hyperactivity, or the presence of co-occurring psychiatric disorders.

Labels: sleep, Attention_Deficit_Hyperactivity_Disorder

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Sleep Problems Linked to ADHD

A study conducted through the Douglas Mental Health University Institute has found that children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder may be clinically sleep deprived and have abnormal REM sleep. Thirty-eight children participated in the study - 15 who had been diagnosed with ADHD, and 23 who had not.
"Results show that children with ADHD have a total sleep time that is significantly shorter than that of controls. Children in the ADHD group had an average total sleep time of eight hours, 19 minutes; this was 33 minutes less than the average sleep time of eight hours, 52 minutes, in controls."
Lead investigator Reut Gruber, Ph.D, said the study doesn't prove that sleep deprivation is the cause of ADHD, but that it may make symptoms worse. Over time, partial sleep loss accumulates into a sleep debt that can cause neurobehavioral impairments and affect overall learning and attention. Source: PsychCentral

Labels: research, sleep, studies

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High-fat Diets Disrupt Natural Body Clocks

High-fat diets may disrupt the body's natural daily rhythms, leading to hormone imbalances, obesity, sleep disorders, and cancer, according to a new animal study performed at Hebrew University in Jerusalem.

Dr. Oren Froy and his team fed mice low- or high-fat diets, with every other day as a fasting day. The mice on the high-fat diets experienced disruptions in their sleep/wake cycles and other 24-hour systems associated with metabolism.

Dr. Froy believes that that a high-fat diet not only puts a person at risk for overweight because it is high in calories, but also because it interrupts "natural circadian rhythmicity."

This study appears in the journal Endocrinology.

Labels: nutrition, sleep, diet

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Sleep Problems Common in ADHD Kids

An Australian study of over 200 families has found that children with ADHD often have difficulty sleeping. It's a problem that affects not only the child, but his caregivers as well.
"Moderate or severe sleep problems were associated with poorer psychosocial quality of life and daily functioning of the child. Compared with children without sleep problems, those with moderate or severe problems were more likely to miss or be late for school."
Caregivers of ADHD children with sleep problems were more likely to have poor mental health. Fortunately, sleep problems can be addressed without giving the child additional medication. Set aside time to talk to your child about her day, stick to a bedtime routine, and offer choices before bedtime ("What story would you like to read?", "What stuffed animal would you like to take to bed?") Source: Reuters

Cedars Academy schools for ADHD children offers a family-like atmosphere, structured behavioral treatment and challenging college preparatory curriculum.

Labels: sleep, studies, quality_of_life

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Sleep Problems Accompany ADHD

A team from the Centre for Community Child Health in Parkville, Australia, has conducted a study which found a strong correlation between ADHD and sleep problems in children. The team studied 239 schoolchildren with ADHD and their families to determine the prevalence of sleep problems and their effects.
"Sleep problems affected 175 (73.3 percent) of the children, with a 28.5 percent prevalence of mild sleep problems and 44.8 percent prevalence of moderate or severe sleep problems. Some of the most commonly occurring sleep patterns were difficulty falling asleep, resisting going to bed and tiredness on waking."
About half the parents in the study reported that their children had trouble sleeping, felt tired waking up, or had nightmares. Source: PsychCentral

Sleep problems can also lead to inactivity and childhood obesity. Learn more from a blog post at Weight Loss Central.

Labels: health, sleep, nightmares

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Tonsil Removal Helps ADHD in Some Kids

Recent studies are beginning to find an unusual link between ADHD in young children and their tonsils. More specifically, of kids who have been diagnosed with ADHD and had their tonsils removed, about half see diminished ADHD symptoms; or the symptoms disappear altogether.
"In one recent study, at the University of Michigan, 22 children with ADHD and sleep-disordered breathing had adenotonsillectomies [their tonsils removed]. After one year, 11 no longer battled ADHD."
The link seems to be between the tonsils and adenoid, and a child's sleep patterns. The tonsils and adenoid can partially block a child's airway when he lies down. The result is disturbed sleep patterns, and in some children (especially young children) lack of sleep causes hyperactivity and acting out that often gets worse the longer the child is sleep deprived. Read more at AZFamily.com.

Outdoor education programs offer ways for children to learn new skills while learning to live with their ADHD. Find a program at Boot-Camps-Info.com.

Labels: treatment, sleep, symtoms

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Improved Sleep for Children with ADHD

Ridha Joober, MD, and Reut Gruber, PHD, both of Douglas Mental Health University Institute at McGill University in Montreal, Canada have completed a first-of-its-kind study on sleep patterns of children with ADHD. They found that the medication methylphenidate helps improve the quality of sleep in ADHD-diagnosed children with poor sleep patterns.
''Children with low sleep efficiency might improve performance following the administration of MPH as it increases their arousal level to a moderate level, which is presumed to facilitate vigilance performance,' wrote Joober and Gruber."
The study focused on 37 children between six and 12 years old, who were divided into two groups based on their sleep patterns. Joober and Gruber believe more testing is in order, but that the initial results are promising. Sleep problems are common in children diagnosed with ADHD. Read more at Huliq.com.

Residential schools specialize in programs to help kids with learning disorders, emotional issues, or behavioral problems. Find one at TeenBoardingSchools.com.

Labels: medications, sleep, stimulants

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ADHD or Sleep Disorder?

Children with sleep disorders often have symptoms similar to ADHD, which could result in their conditions being misdiagnosed. Many of these children suffer from sleep apnea, and may even snore.

Researchers studied 100 children ages 7-17. Slightly more than half were female, and the group was three-quarters Caucasian.

The scientists used detailed questionnaires and also looked at race, age, gender, body mass index and skull X-rays to see the jaw. Their results showed no associations with these factors, making [sleep apnea] hard to detect in the children. [Source: CNN]

People who get too little sleep tend to be irritable and have trouble paying attention and staying focused; characteristics commonly associated with ADHD. If not properly diagnosed and treated, however, sleep apnea can cause heart problems, hypertension and even strokes.


Labels: sleep, symptoms

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Sleep Problems Common in Kids with ADHD

A Canadian study on ADHD and its effects on sleep has found that children who are diagnosed with the condition have more sleep problems than their non-ADHD counterparts. The study compared duration and depth of sleep between 15 children with ADHD and 23 children without.

“According to the results published in the journal Sleep, those with ADHD averaged significantly less total sleep time (499 min) compared with the control group (533 min). They also had reduced REM sleep (84 min vs. 100 min), and a smaller percentage of REM sleep out of total sleep time (17 percent vs 19 percent).” [Source: Reuters Health]

Dr. Reut Gruber, the study’s lead author, believes the results point to circadian rhythm issues, Circadian rhythm is the body’s “internal clock” and regulates sleep patterns. Gruber believes light therapy may help, and is currently evaluating its benefits.

Labels: sleep

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